In March of each year, in the United States, the sport focuses its attention on basketball. The simple answer would be to affirm that the eyes are on the NBA, however, at least for a few days, it is time for the college tournament, the NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament. That is March Madness begins: March Madness.
Not even the NBA finals come close to what the college tournament generates, to the media exposure that the NCAA Final Four has. In its eight decades of history there are endless heroes, villains, comebacks, disasters, incredible bets, stories that monopolize the media: it is no coincidence that it is called the March Madness.
Its history, although its format and arrangement has evolved over the years, dates back to 1939 and it is due to the idea of several coaches, at the helm Harold Olsen, from Ohio State. The list of the most winners is headed by UCLA (11 titles), followed by Kentucky (8), North Carolina (6) and Duke and Indiana (5). Since 2011 all matches can be seen live anywhere in the world, and since 1969 it has been televised.
HOW THE CHAMPION IS PLAYED AND DEFINED
The tournament is organized by rounds and in direct elimination matches. The table is divided into four regions: East, South, West and Midwest (East, South, West and Midwest). From each region comes a champion who advances to the Final Four.
It all begins in a first round that distributes the last four places to go to 64 of the final tournament and three weeks with five more rounds: first round, round of 32, sweet 16 (regional semifinals), elite 8 (regional finals) and the semifinals and final that make up the Final Four, on Saturday and Monday of the final weekend. All the games are direct elimination: the one who wins advances, the one who loses goes home.
The 68 seats are distributed as follows: 32 are for the champions of the 32 Division I Conferences, those who automatically receive a place in the tournament. The other 36 are invited by an NCAA selection committee.
The teams are divided by region: in the final draw after the first four games, 16 in each of the four. In them, they are placed by ranking, from 1 to 16. And so they play: 1 against 16, 2 against 15, so on. This way, The top two from each region can only meet in the regional final, with a Final Four ticket up for grabs.
Once the picture was established, the madness began in the United States, when the university basketball tournament took over the audience for three weeks.